PCNL (for Kidney stone)

PCNL is typically used to remove kidney stones that are too large to be treated with other minimally invasive procedures, such as shock wave lithotripsy or ureteroscopy. It is also useful in cases where the stones are located in a difficult-to-reach area of the kidney or where the patient has abnormal kidney anatomy that makes other procedures difficult.

URS (for Ureteric stone)

URS (ureteroscopy) is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used to treat kidney and ureteral stones, tumors, and other conditions that affect the urinary tract. The procedure involves passing a thin, flexible tube called a ureteroscope through the patient’s urethra and bladder and into the ureter or kidney.

Cystolithotripsy (for Bladder stone)

Cystolithotripsy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used to remove bladder stones. Bladder stones are hard mineral deposits that can form in the bladder and cause pain, discomfort, and other urinary symptoms. Cystolithotripsy is typically recommended when other non-surgical treatments have been unsuccessful.